COST TO NATION - DEFENCE / PARA MILITARY FORCE / CIVILIAN OFFICER
Since last few months after the approval of Sixth Pay Commission a lot of discussion has taken place whether few officers from Defence Ranks should be shifted to the next pay grade or not. It has been projected that these officers are now getting lesser pay than the civilian / CPOs who are paid earlier less pay than these Defence Officers. I would like to explain what is the cost to the nation of these officers. In the comparision, I am taking the Rank of Lt. Colonel of Defence Forces because this is the one rank which Defence Forces are stating is being paid less than their civilian counterparts.
Sl.No. Topic Lt.Colonel Commandant Civilian Officer Remarks
01. Basic 26,280 37,400 37,400 The starting basic pay is only Rs. 11,120 less than the other CPO/Civilian officers which are one rank higher than the Lt.Colonel rank.
02. Grade Pay 7,600 8,700 8,700
03. MSP 6,000 NIL NIL After including MSP and GP the difference is only Rs. 5,120
04. Sahayak 15,000 7,500 NIL The Sahayak in the lowest pay band will cost atleast this much considering his present salary, pension and all benefits of Defence services
05. Free Ration 7,500 NIL NIL Minimum expected cost of existing free ration providing 4300 calories per day
06. School Transport 2000x2 NIL NIL Minimum expected cost
07. Free electricity 500 NIL NIL Charge for free units only
08. Canteen facility 2500 NIL NIL Expected benefit to each officer per month including benefit toward cost of liquor
09. House 15000 Nil Nil Expected cost to Nation view entitlement of house to all Military Officers whereas, other CPO/Civilians have to wait in CPWD roster for first 15 years of service.
10. Free Furniture 2000 Nil Nil Expected cost of hiring furniture as entitled to defence officer
11. Railway Discount 3000 Nil Nil All Defence Officers are authorised to avail 06 sets of Form-D to travel Home town
12. KMA 400 300 Nil
13. Medical 2000 Nil Nil All Defence Officers get five star medical treatment at Military Hospitals, whereas, others have to struggle in Govt. hospitals along with the common public
14. Transport 5000 5000 Nil
15. Pension 2000 Nil Nil Only Defence Officers are now authorised for Pension which is stopped for other entries after 04 Jan 2004
2. It can be seen that Lt. Colonel costs about Rs. 98,780/- per month to the nation, whereas, officers senior to him will cost only Rs. 58,900 (CPOs) & Rs. 46,100 (Civilian Director) respectively. The cost of Military officer to the nation is very high, whereas, the productivity is only restricted to country defence. In a developing country like our we require to have more expenditure towards developing departments which brings earning to the nation and upliftment of the 20% poor bretheren below poverty line. Even in the present pay scale the Lt.Colonel costs even more than Cabinet Secretary. Moreover, these Military officers have to be paid pension through out their life which is a very long term expenditure to the nation. In the present circumstances what we require is an efficient bureaucracy, small and well paid Defence services and very effective Police Force.
3. In the era of national development the requirement of effective policing is much more than a big military force. Country should have an agreement with Pakistan and China and all three nations can reduce their military strength by at least 50% if not more.
4. The requirment of day-to-day life should be met with normal state Police with their standby CPO/CPMF Forces to guard the uneventualities and regular patrolling of our borders.
5. The present expenditure of more than 1,00,000 crores on the defence forces if reduced by 50% can give 100% Personal Income-tax rebates to the entire country, one can imagine the benefit of reducing the military strength by 50%. This step itself will increase our country's reputation all around the world. The example of Japan which survived without any defence force since last 60 years are good enough to effect these changes.
6. The world has seen various countries like Afghanistan, Pakistan, Mynmar, Iraq and host of other countries which have failed due to their ruling by strong defence forces. The proven model all around the world is the military reporting to the civil administration. The bureaucracy on the other hand needs to know the requirement of a typical military life.
7. My above comments are in no way criticizing our three respectful Defence forces, which have always shown their capabilities in last 61 years of Independence. The time has come when the Defence services are required to think what is more important to the overall development of the nation and not the individual development of a service or section. The cost of having Lt.Colonel is about Rs.1,00,000 a month and that of other para military / civilian is 50% of this cost. Can a country of ours affords to pay more to these Lt. Colonels is upto the nation to decide.